12 Python Dictionary Practice Exercises for Beginners


A dictionary allows you to store and manipulate data in key-value pairs, making it a powerful tool for many programming tasks. In this article, we will explore some Python dictionaries practice exercises for beginners with simple examples to help you grasp this essential concept.

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What is a Dictionary?

Before diving into the exercises, let’s understand what a dictionary is in Python. A dictionary is an unordered collection of key-value pairs. Each key is unique and maps to a specific value. Think of it like a real-life dictionary where you look up a word (the key) to find its meaning (the value). Below example code is to create a dictionary in Python:

my_dict = {"apple": "a fruit", "dog": "a pet", "car": "a vehicle"}
{'apple': 'a fruit', 'dog': 'a pet', 'car': 'a vehicle'}

Now, let’s begin with some practice exercises to gain confidence in Python dictionaries:

Exercise 1: Creating a Dictionary

Create a dictionary called student with the following key-value pairs:

  • “name” – “John”
  • “age” – 20
  • “grade” – “A”
student = {"name": "John", "age": 20, "grade": "A"}

Exercise 2: Accessing Values

Given the student dictionary from Exercise 1, write code to print the student’s name and age.

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {"name": "John", "age": 20, "grade": "A"}
print("Student Name:", student["name"])
print("Student Age:", student["age"])
Student Name: John
Student Age: 20

Exercise 3: Modifying Values

Change the grade of the student to “B”.

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {"name": "John", "age": 20, "grade": "A"}
student["grade"] = "B"
{'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'B'}

Exercise 4: Adding Key-Value Pairs

Add a new key-value pair to the student dictionary for “city” with the value “Mumbai.”

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {"name": "John", "age": 20, "grade": "A"}
student["city"] = "Mumbai"
{'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'A', 'city': 'Mumbai'}

Exercise 5: Deleting Key-Value Pairs

Remove the “grade” key and its corresponding value from the student dictionary.

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'A', 'city': 'Mumbai'}
del student["grade"]
{'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'city': 'Mumbai'}

Exercise 6: Checking if a Key Exists

Write code to check if the “age” key exists in the student dictionary. Print “Age key exists” if it does; otherwise, print “Age key does not exist.”

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'A', 'city': 'Mumbai'}

if "age" in student:
    print("Age key exists")
    print("Age key does not exist")
Age key exists

Exercise 7: Iterating Through a Dictionary

In this Python exercises of dictionaries write code to iterate through the student dictionary and print all the key-value pairs.

# dictionaries exercises python
student = {'name': 'John', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'A', 'city': 'Mumbai'}

for key, value in student.items():
    print(key, ":", value)
name : John
age : 20
grade : A
city : Mumbai

Exercise 8: Merging Dictionaries

Create two dictionaries, dict1 and dict2, with some key-value pairs. Merge these dictionaries into a new dictionary called merged_dict.

dict1 = {"a": 1, "b": 2}
dict2 = {"c": 3, "d": 4}

merged_dict = {**dict1, **dict2}

{'a': 1, 'b': 2, 'c': 3, 'd': 4}

Exercise 9: Summing Values

In this Python practice exercise create a dictionary expenses with different categories as keys (e.g., “food,” “rent,” “transport”) and their corresponding expenses as values. Write code to calculate and print the total expenses.

# python dictionaries exercises problem solution
expenses = {"food": 200, "rent": 1000, "transport": 150, "entertainment": 50}

total_expenses = sum(expenses.values())
print("Total expenses:", total_expenses)
Total expenses: 1400

Exercise 10: Dictionary Comprehension

Create a dictionary called squared_numbers that contains the squares of numbers from 1 to 10 using dictionary comprehension.

squared_numbers = {x: x**2 for x in range(1, 11)}
{1: 1, 2: 4, 3: 9, 4: 16, 5: 25, 6: 36, 7: 49, 8: 64, 9: 81, 10: 100}

Exercise 11: Nested Dictionaries

Create a nested dictionary called student_records with information about multiple students. Each student should have a unique student ID as the key and a dictionary of attributes (e.g., name, age, grade) as the value.

student_records = {
    101: {"name": "Alice", "age": 19, "grade": "A"},
    102: {"name": "Bob", "age": 20, "grade": "B"},
    103: {"name": "Charlie", "age": 18, "grade": "A"},
{101: {'name': 'Alice', 'age': 19, 'grade': 'A'}, 102: {'name': 'Bob', 'age': 20, 'grade': 'B'}, 103: {'name': 'Charlie', 'age': 18, 'grade': 'A'}}

Exercise 12: Converting Lists to a Dictionary

Create two lists, keys and values, and write code to create a dictionary where elements from the keys list become keys and elements from the values list become values.

keys = ["name", "age", "city"]
values = ["John", 25, "New York"]

new_dict = dict(zip(keys, values))
{'name': 'John', 'age': 25, 'city': 'New York'}


These practice exercises cover essential concepts related to Python dictionaries, you can read it as a pdf whenever you want. By working through them, beginners can gain confidence in using dictionaries and be better prepared to tackle more complex programming tasks.

Also Read:  12 Python Object Oriented Programming (OOP) Exercises

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